A system dynamics model of the community-based rural drinking water supply program (Pamsimas) in Indonesia (link)

Water Journal – 2021

In this project, I mainly developed the system dynamic model. We use a case study of a community-based rural drinking water supply program (PAMSIMAS in Bahasa) in Magelang Regency, Indonesia.

This paper analyzed the system behavior of the rural water supply programs. We utilized a system dynamic approach to simulate and illustrate the influencing factors. These influencing factors are sustainability aspects, such as (1) financial, (2) institutional, (3) environmental, (4) technical, and (5) social. The causal loop diagrams show that each aspect reinforces one another.

Important findings:

  • External fund is essential to the early phase of the program when the water revenue is still low.
  • Human factors, such as performance of the water board, and response and support from the community, dominantly influence the sustainability of the water supply program.

Recognizing the Sanitation ‘Swamp’ in Indonesia (link)

Master Thesis – August 2021

In this thesis, I tried to depict the existing reality of sanitation governance in Jakarta, Indonesia. I use the Network of Adjacent Action Situation theoretical framework to figure out how decisions made inside one key activity can influence the adjacent key activities. I managed to illustrate how complicated the sanitation governance in Jakarta is. This is the first attempt in implementing the NAAS framework in the sanitation sector in the context of a developing country.